The Lebanese Red Cross started its services in the field of health development since 1945. It established three dispensaries in Beirut to serve the most vulnerable people of the community and in all areas. The Lebanese Red Cross expanded its network of medical and social centers, offering services for the sick and needy in the form of medical consultations, health awareness, prevention programs, vaccination campaigns, school health, and special services for the handicapped.
These centers include specialized staff, social workers and nurses and in collaboration with specialized doctor volunteers. The centers are provided with necessary medicine according to availability.
The Lebanese Red Cross also provides, through its medical and social centers, many social services that highly contribute to the amelioration of the social level of the most vulnerable people in many ways and through many activities and programs that concern women and children.
A central administration supervises implementation of programs and activities through proper planning, reform, monitoring and evaluation.
First: On the Health Level
a- Medical consultations:
Centers provide medical consultations for the sick, in collaboration with specialized doctor volunteers according to a time schedule posted in medical and social centers and in dispensaries.
b- Primary health care:
1. Health education covering:
o Encouragement of breast feeding
o Water sterilization to prevent diarrhea
o Vaccination against common diseases and disseminating the benefits of balanced nutrition
o Pregnancy care programs
o Physical and psychological baby growth
o Prevention against venomous insects
2. Protection of the mother and child by monitoring the health of the pregnant women during and after pregnancy, and monitoring the health of the new born and scheduling his/her vaccination.
3. Family planning through Periodic gynecologic exams and advice about correct contraceptive methods.
4. Immunization against common diseases for children from 1 to 12 years (polio, measles, triple vaccine, hepatitis..).
5. School health through Medical exams for students (eyes, teeth, parasites, lice, scabies..). Special cases are handled by specialists.
6. Media campaigns stressing prevention like early detection of breast and uterus cancer for women, prostate cancer for men, blood pressure, cardiac diseases, diabetes and osteoporosis. Specialized medical exams in centers accompany these campaigns.
c- Knowledge of diseases:
To reduce chronic disease contraction and prevent them, the centers focus on health education and means of prevention against high blood pressure, cardiac diseases, diabetes, liver diseases, AIDS, Thalassemia, and osteoporosis.
d- Specialized consultations:
1. Some medical and social services centers provide specialized medical services, with the help of specialized doctor volunteers in:
ophthalmology, dermatology, urology, gastroenterology, dental care, neurology, psychiatric, endocrinology, orthopedics, E.N.T. and other diseases, according to local needs.
2. The Society provides a number of special hi-tech health clinics that can detect early signs of serious deceases in women.
e- Mobile clinics:
In order to fulfill the needs of the most vulnerable and needy people of the local community, the medical and social services centers organize periodic medical consultations for the sick in rural areas. Mobile clinics carrying a doctor and a health assistant are driven from the medical and social centers of each district (Caza) of Lebanon to rural areas.
These clinics provide medical services such as medical consultations and correct health education. Available medicine is also distributed. The clinics also visit public and private schools in these areas, as part of the students’ medical exam program.
f- Central pharmacy:
To provide centers with medicine on a regular basis, it was necessary to establish a central pharmacy that purchases and distributes medicine according to the needs of the medical and social services centers. This pharmacy supervises the purchase, management and distribution of medicine and monitoring and checking its expiry dates. A certified pharmacist is responsible for the pharmacy.
g- School health programs:
School is a convenient environment for the spread of contagious diseases, due to the large number of students in classrooms as well as epidemic diseases that can only be prevented by vaccination (program implemented in Public schools and some private schools).
It also aims at avoiding and limiting the risks of health problems that affect the learning capability of students (vision and hearing problems, malnutrition, dental diseases, dermatological diseases..). It also includes organizing lectures and workshops to spread healthcare awareness among students and parents and helping the school to create a healthy environment through subjecting the students to medical examinations twice a year by the doctor (or physician), the nurse and the social worker.
Special cases will be assigned to specialized doctors.
h- Health education and prevention programs:
Health education and prevention programs are the cornerstones of the Lebanese Red Cross sanitary work. Social workers spread correct health information and promote the healthy habits in nutrition fields, hygiene, environment and prevention against common and transmissible diseases.
All this is done through seminars, workshops, brochures and audio-visual tools at the centers and in local community.
I- Community Based Health and First Aid ( CBHFA):
Is a Social-Health program depends on educating, training and rehabilitation of the local community in order to enable it to respond to the problems that it may encounter relying on self abilities and the interdependence and complementarily of its individuals.
j- Rehabilitation programs for handicapped:
Equipment and treatment
1. Provide handicapped with the permanent use tools such as: wheelchairs, crutches and special bags (urine and stool), catheter.
2. Help in equipping their houses to render them independent and self-reliant in moving around the house
3. Give physiotherapy sessions to handicapped at home where parents and relatives are trained on essential exercises that the handicapped should do on a daily basis.
4. Give physiotherapy sessions to handicapped to help them recover at certain centers and by specialists.
k- Orthopedic Workshop:
The Lebanese Red Cross began this service in 1985. it includes the fitting of orthopedic limbs and splints. Each person who is not registered in the Social Security Services and who is not a member of the employees cooperative can take advantage of the services after presenting the following : a medical report of the patient's condition / deposition shows that he is not registered in social security or the employees cooperative.
Second: On the Social Level:
The Medical-Social centers implement programs that have social-developed nature which include: reproductive health program, family planning, and literacy. These centers pay a great interest in women and children. For women, it organizes educational courses for adults, languages and vocational training on productivity occupations. On the other hand, children have their share of the multitude of social services through extracurricular activities undertaken by the school and summer clubs and ensure appending school lessons during the scholar year and summer activities.
Achrafieh – Mosaytbeh – Tarik El Jdide – Chiah – Jal Eddib- El Bouchrieh – Furn El Chebbak – Antelias – Jounieh – Jbeil – Falougha- Aley – Bokaata – Saida – Zrarieh – Jezzine – Tyr – Alma El Chaab- Bazourieh – Nabatieh – Mais El Jabal – Marjeoun –Bint Jbei-l Kafra – Rmeich – Aytaroun – Hasbaya – Rachaya – Machghara- Kab Elias – Zahle – Mouallaka – Riyak – Baalbek – Hermel- Tripoli(El Mina) – Tripoli (city) – Halba – Miniara – Becharre – Batroun
Antelias – Bokaata – Jbeil – Rachaya – Baalbek – Hermel – Zahle Tripoli – Batroun – Halba – Saida – Zahrani – Tyr – Nabatieh – Bint Jbeil
Spears – Marjeoun – Bint Jeil – Jezzine- Hermel