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Blood Services
The Lebanese Red Cross had started blood transmission service in 1964 by opening its center in Beirut. Today, the number of centers (2010 statistics) is 12 center. Blood can be donated at the Lebanese Red Cross blood transfusion centers or at hospitals.

Blood donation:
Blood donation is a voluntary, free act and a national and humanitarian duty that helps to save the lives of the sick, relatives, friends or brothers in humanity with the following cases: - surgery - hemorrhage, delivering, burns - Severe anemia (Dialyses, Thalassemia, Cancer) - Work and road accidents, war casualties, and security accidents.

Blood keeping and safety:
The Lebanese Red Cross blood transfusion centers are equipped with the most sophisticated medical devices. To check the safety of the donated blood, these centers adopt the safety and security standards decided by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Lebanese Ministry of Public Health (MPH).

To confirm the safety of the blood, the following tests are made:
• Determination of the blood type
• Hepatitis B and C
• HIV(AIDS) virus - Syphilis

A sample of the donated blood is kept for six months to prevent any misinterpretation about the safety of the blood donated in the blood transfusion centers. The principle of secrecy is adopted for the donors’ tests. The Lebanese Red Cross does not take any fees for this service.

How to obtain the blood?
Any person who needs blood can call the nearest Lebanese Red Cross blood transfusion center, and his need will be met according to the following conditions:
1. A medical report about the condition of the patient and his / her need of blood
2. Donating, in exchange for the units taken, an equal amount of blood units by volunteers brought by the patient or relatives
3. Providing a small refrigerator and some ice to keep the blood clean from high temperatures and pollution during its transport

Technical advancement:

LRC has always adopted the latest technologies in blood transfusion services. For that purpose, LRC has equipped its Spears center with state-of-the-art machinery that uses radiation technology to treat blood (blood, red blood cells, plaque) hence rendering it usable in blood transfusion among relatives and also fast blood supply for those who suffer from weak immunity and chronic diseases (cancer, AIDS):

The essential tests for blood transmissible diseases are made for each and every donated blood unit in the Lebanese Red Cross centers. These tests are made for: HIV (AIDS), Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and Syphilis. The blood is drawn into special containers where it is separated into:
• Concentrated red corpuscles, given in the cases of anemia;
• Plasma, given in the cases of burns and hemorrhage.

The Cryo Pressipitis is separated from the plasma and given to hemophilia patients. This means that more than one person can benefit from one blood unit.
And at the same domain and in order to keep pace with the technical development and capacity-building, the main center had been provided with AXSYM machine which is competent to examine the blood units and confirm AIDS test. And within the service strategy of blood transfusion, a Network has been established among all blood banks through which the existence of units is realized according to the desired and existed types, thus facilitates the work of the technicians to search through the centers for the desired units.

General information about blood:
The human body contains approximately 5 to 6 litres (5000 to 6000 cc) of blood. Blood has four types, and a person carries only one of them: A,B,O,or AB. Blood types are identified by reading genetic elements in the red corpuscle that determine whether the rhesus is positive (+) or negative (-).

Wrong convictions:
There is no risk of contracting the HIV (AIDS) virus in a blood donation. All tools used to draw blood are sterilized and used only once for each donor. Thus, contracting any contagious disease is impossible during the blood donation.

It is wrong to think that blood donation can:
• Affect the reproductive system
• Help gain weight
• Weaken the donor’s health
General information for the donor:
• Any person aged between 18 and 64 years can donate blood, if he fulfils the necessary medical conditions
• Weighs 50 Kg or more
• Every 3 to 4 months at most one donation can be made
• The blood is drawn from the arm through the vein
• The quantity of blood taken from each donor can vary between 350 cc to 450 cc, according to the donor’s weight
• It is preferable to donate blood, either in the morning after a non- fatty light snack or the afternoon, at least three hours after lunch
• After donation, the donor should rest for 10 to 15 minutes, during which he/she can have coffee, tea or a soft drink and then go back to work normally
• Every donor is given a card determining his/her blood type. If the donor ever needs blood, he/she has the priority.

Cases preventing blood donation:
Blood donation could be cancelled or postponed in the following cases:
• Donor has been rejected previously
• Less than 3 months has passed since donor’s last blood donation
• During pregnancy and no less than 6 months after delivery
• Donor has had surgery or was sick and hospitalized or received blood during the last 6 months
• Donor has a heart case, pulmonary, liver, hormone, chronic diseases.
• If the donor takes certain medicine or is a drug addict
• If the donor has or already had hepatitis or malaria
• If the donor has a blood disease (Thalassemia, apt to bleed...)
• Within 72 hours from pulling a tooth

The Lebanese Red Cross Blood donation centers:
Center Date of Establishment Phone Number
Spears (headquarters) -1964-  01/368681
Zahle - 1975-  08/804930
Jounieh- 1975-  09/930342
Jemazeh( Tabaris)- 1976-  01/444102
Antelias- 1976 - 04/524164
Tripoli - 1980-  01/601429
Beit Eddine -1987-  03/468728
Saida -1994-  07/752141
Nabatieh -1998-  07/768687
Tyr - 2011- 07/351370
Halba 2010 - 06/695370
Jbeil 2010- 09/945220

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