The Lebanese Red Cross (LRC) is a voluntary and humanitarian National Society that has thousands of volunteers qualified to serve the most vulnerable and needy people of Lebanese society.
The LRC has developed its services and activities to fulfill local and national needs for over 50 years (since 1945). Today, the Society provides the following services:
EMS services, medical services, social services, blood transfusion and distribution, school health, special services for handicapped, first aid, health awareness and prevention programs, teaching first aid, and teaching nursing.
The LRC provides these services through:
- 46 EMS centers and 4 operation rooms.
- 39 medical and social centers.
-12 blood transfusion center- blood bank
- One college and 3 nursing institutes.
- Teachers and instructors for teaching first aid centrally and regionally
- 1 orthopedic workshop
- Centers for physiotherapy
Essential services provided by the Lebanese Red Cross:
The LRC provides EMS services on Lebanese territories through a network that consists of 46 centers, four operation rooms, and 2,700 highly trained volunteers with special skills in EMS services. The service provides first aid assistance, emergency transport of wounded and victims of road and mountain accidents, CPR for heart attack victims for patients inside their houses (those who could not reach the centers) and in the EMS centers. It also transfers patients from and to the hospitals, transfers dead bodies and civilians and blood units (in very special cases), and sets up first aid posts during sports events, festivals and national activities.
This service operates around the clock, seven days a week, and all year long. It can be reached by dialing 140 toll free from any mobile or regular phone (National Emergency Number).
The LRC pays special attention to medical affairs through a network of medical and social services centers and mobile clinics, where it provides medical consultations in collaboration with volunteer specialized doctors (cardiology, pediatrics, general medicine, dermatology, gynecology, dental care…), healthcare for mothers and children, and vaccination against common diseases. It also provides its centers with the essential medicine.
The medical and social services centers carry out various social development programs, such as reproductive health, family planning and terminating illiteracy. These centers are greatly dedicated to women and child development.
Programs dedicated to women include learning language sessions for the elderly and others and vocational training on productive occupations. On the other hand, children enjoy a substantial share of social programs through extracurricular activities organized by schools and summer clubs and, remedial courses during the academic year.
Blood transfusion and distribution:
The LRC provides a blood transfusion service through its centers. This service is based on blood transfusion from the donor to the person in need in the following circumstances: surgery, hemorrhage, childbirth, burns, severe anemia, work and road accidents… Blood donation takes place at the blood transfusion centers and tests for HIV, hepatitis B and C, Syphilis are made to confirm the safety of the donated blood.
A donor has the priority of receiving blood in case of need and availability. In order to obtain blood easier, a network has been established between the central blood transfusion center and other transfusion centers to exchange laboratory information and those related to blood.
School is a convenient environment for the spread of contagious diseases, due to the large number of students in classrooms. The service aims at preventing the spread of transmissible diseases among children as well as epidemic diseases that can only be prevented by vaccination, it also aims at avoiding and limiting the risks of health problems that affect the learning capability of students (vision and hearing problems, malnutrition, dental diseases, dermatological diseases...).It also includes organizing lectures and workshops to spread healthcare awareness among students and parents and helping the school create a healthy environment through having students undergo medical examinations by the doctor, the nurse and the social worker twice a year. Special cases will be assigned to specialized doctors.
Special services for handicapped:
LRC has a special care program for the handicapped. It provides them with artificial limbs at its special workshop. It also allows them the permanent use of tools, such as wheelchairs, crutches, walkers, and bags (urine and stool). It also helps in equipping the houses of the handicapped and provides them with physiotherapy at its centers and at home. It trains parents on essential exercises that the handicapped should perform on a daily basis.
Community Based Health and First Aids (CBHFA):
It is a work methodology based on awareness, training, and rehabilitation of the local community to enable it to confront the problems that it may face depending on its personal abilities and the interdependence and integration of its members. Its most important elements are:
Health education and prevention programs:
Health education and prevention programs are the cornerstones of LRC health work. Social workers and volunteers trained in health education disseminate correct health information and promote healthy habits in nutrition, hygiene, environment, and prevention against common and transmissible diseases and home accidents. This is done through seminars, workshops, and audio-visual tools. Prevention programs include the early detection of breast and uterine cancer in women, blood tension and cardiac diseases, diabetes, osteoporosis, liver diseases, and prostate cancer in men.
Teaching first aid:
When needed, the LRC organizes sessions to teach first aid to its staff and, upon request, to military, public, civil and private institutions, especially attendants to medical schools and nursing institutes and international organizations. It aims at spreading knowledge in the fields of first aid, relief, safety, rescue and accident handling.
The nursing institutes currently train nurses (male and female) in three educational levels: (BS-Nursing) in EMS, DU-Urgences, LT, TS (Technique Supérieure), BT (Brevet Technique) and BP (Brevet Préparatoire).