The Lebanese Red Cross (LRC) is a voluntary and humanitarian National Society having thousands of volunteers qualified to serve the most vulnerable and needy people of the Lebanese society.
The Lebanese Red Cross has developed its services and activities to fulfill local and national needs for more than 50 years (since 1945). Today, the Society provides the following services:
EMS services, Medical Services, Social Services, Blood Transfusion and Distribution, School Health, Special Services for Handicapped, First Aid, Health Awareness and Prevention Programs, Teaching First Aid, and Teaching Nursing.
The Lebanese Red Cross (LRC) provides these services through:
- 46 EMS center and 4 operation rooms.
- 39 medical and social centers.
-12 blood transfusion center- blood bank
- One college and 3 nursing institutes.
- Teachers and instructors for teaching first aid centrally and regionally
- 1 orthopedic workshop
- Centers for physiotherapy.
Essential services provided by the Lebanese Red Cross:
LRC provides EMS services on Lebanese territories through a network consists of 46 center, 4 operation rooms, and 2700 highly trained volunteers with a special skills in EMS Services. The service allows to provide first aid assistance, emergency transport of wounded and victims of road and mountain accidents, CPR for heart attack victims, and for patients inside their houses (those who couldn’t reach the centers) and in the EMS centers, in addition to transferring patients from and to the hospitals, transferring of dead bodies and civilians and blood units (in very special cases), as well as set up first aid posts during sport events, festivals and national activities.
This service is functional around the clock, seven days a week, and all year long, by calling the 140 Toll Free from any mobile or regular phone (National Emergency Number).
The LRC pays a special attention to medical affairs through a network of medical and social services centers and mobile clinics, where it provides medical consultations in collaboration with volunteer specialized doctors (cardiology, pediatrics, general medicine, dermatology, gynecology, dental care…), health care for mothers and children and vaccination against common diseases. It also provides its centers with the essential medicine.
The medical and social services centers carry out social development programs like reproductive health programs, family planning and programs to terminate illiteracy. These centers are greatly dedicated to women and children development.
Women programs include learning language sessions for the elderly and others and vocational training on productive occupations. On the other hand, Children have a substantial share of social programs through extracurricular activities organized done by schools and summer clubs, remedial courses during the scholar year and summer activities.
Blood transfusion and distribution:
The LRC provides blood transfusion service through its centers.. This service is based on blood transfusion from the donor to the person in need under the following circumstances: surgery, hemorrhage, birth, burns, severe anemia, work and road accidents… Blood donation takes place at the blood transfusion centers, and tests are made to confirm the safety of the donated blood.
These tests are: HIV virus, hepatitis B and C, Syphilis… A donor has the priority of receiving blood in case of need and availability. And in order to obtain blood easier, a network has been established between the central blood transfusion center and the other of blood transfusion centers in order to exchange laboratory information and those related to blood.
School is a convenient environment for the spread of contagious diseases, due to the large number of students in classrooms. The service aims at preventing the spread of transmissible diseases among children as well as epidemic diseases that can only be prevented by vaccination, it also aims at avoiding and limiting the risks of health problems that affect the learning capability of students (vision and hearing problems, malnutrition, dental diseases, dermatological diseases...).It also includes organizing lectures and workshops to spread healthcare awareness among students and parents and helping the school to create a healthy environment through subjecting students to medical examinations twice a year by the doctor, the nurse and the social worker. Special cases will be assigned to specialized doctors.
Special services for handicapped:
LRC has a special care program for handicapped. It provides them with artificial limbs at its special workshop. It also allows them the permanent use of tools such as wheelchairs, crutches, walkers, and bags (urine and stool). It also helps in equipping the houses of the handicapped and provides them with physiotherapy at its centers and at home. It trains parents on essential exercises that the handicapped should do on a daily basis.
Community Based Health and First Aids (CBHFA):
It is a work methodology based on awareness, training, and rehabilitation of the local community to enable it to confront the problems which it may face depending on its personal abilities and the interdependence and integration of its members. The most important element is:
Health education and prevention programs:
Health education and prevention programs are the cornerstones of LRC health work. Social workers and volunteers trained in health education disseminate correct health information and promote healthy habits in nutrition, hygiene, environment, prevention against common and transmissible diseases and home accidents. This is done through seminars, workshops, and audio-visual tools. Prevention programs include the early detection of breast and uterus cancer for women, blood tension and cardiac diseases, diabetes, osteoporosis, liver diseases, and prostate cancer for men.
Teaching first aid:
When needed, LRC organizes sessions to teach first aid, to its staff and upon request, to military, public, civil and private institutions especially attendants to medical schools and nursing institutes and international organizations. It aims at disseminating knowledge in the fields of first aid, relief, safety, rescue and accident handling.
The nursing institutes are currently training nurses (male and female) in three educational levels: (BS-Nursing) in EMS, DU-Urgences, LT, TS (Technique Supérieure), BT (Brevet Technique) and BP (Brevet Préparatoire).